Publication de L’Association des Hébert du Monde
H. Gaspard, Editor
Coulee Kinney Rd, Abbeville, LA 70510-2015
Volume 2002 - Issue 2
Abbeville, Louisiana September, 2002
La Gazette Hebert:
Our Association’s Board of Directors met August 11, 2002, in Abbeville and discussed the progress being made on the plannings of the CMA 2004 Hébert Reunion in Nova Scotia and our willingness to help the Héberts of Acadie host a successful reunion.
Here in Louisiana, plans are well underway on organizing the CAFA Louisiana Purchase Bicentennial 2003 Celebration to be held at the Rayne Civic Center in Rayne. The celebration will include all families who wish to participate.
October is officer election month for our association. We need new blood to serve. Please contact me, or any officer with your nominations.
Check out this new Hébert bulletin board often. It will also carry information from our Hébert Association in N. B. and N. S., Canada concerning plans for 2004.
New Brunswick Hebert
In my opinion this area of New Brunswick is like home—Vermilion Parish. The people here talk the: same French. I can remember coming home from the 1994 CMA Celebration and telling my father: “Cliff’ just how at home I felt in the region of the beautiful coast of the Northumberland Strait. St. Edouard is located between Bouctouche and Richibucto, just a stone’s throw from the Kouch-bouguac National Park. If you want a real treat, try canoeing along the coastal waters.
I am told by Gerard LeBlanc, the NB
Hebert Family Association President, that this reunion will highlight the
family of our progenitor Etienne Hébert. In past years they have had
reunions with the Antoine Hébert side and felt that it was time to bring
the Etienne side into the fold. This would be a great opportunity for all
of us to meet our other cousins from New Brunswick and the surrounding.
Maritime Provinces and help welcome them to the
CMA 2004 Hébert
Reunion in Amherst, Nova Scotia. This reunion will be held at the
Amherst Regional High School, Amherst (Beaubassin), Nova Scotia, on August
Le Coin Français
Le 15 Aoüt mon man et moi ont eu l’honneur d’être présent à St. Martinville pour la célébration de la Fête National de l’Acadie. Les familles Acadiennes avaient été invites de participer et de porter les banniêres avec les noms de leurs familles pour la procession a l’église St. Martin de Tours, où une belle messe en français a été célébrée par le père Austin Leger et dévouée a Notre Dame de l’Assomption, la patronne des Acadiens. La chorale du Congrès Mondial a assisté à la messe avec leur magnifique musique qui a ajouté beaucoup a cette belle messe. C’était une messe très émouvante et les belles voix de cette chorale ont fort enrichie l’ambience.
Pendant la journée il y avait beaucoup d’autres activités dont on pouvait participer. Le matin à 10 heures le Musée du Monument Acadien et Centre d’Héritage était ouvert pour visites, aussi bien que le Musée Afro Américain. Le Centre Multimédia était disponible pour ceux qui voulaient faire des recherches d’histoire et de généalogie, l’entrée gratuite. Un nouveau video sur les Acadiens et sur Ia creation du Monument et Musée Acadien était présenté pendant l’après-midi. Au Thea tre de I’Opera Duchamp de 10 h a midi on pouvait déguster café et beignets en écoutant la musique d’Hélène Boudreaux. 11 y avait aussi de l’art, des cadeaux, des antiquités, des livres et d’autres objets du coin a vendre toute lajournée.
Quelle belle journée. Et le soir plusieurs restaurants étaient ouverts pour accueillir ceux qui n’étaient pas encour prés pour rentrer chez eux.
Mon marie a porté la bannière des Hébert, alors on m’a demandé si j’acceptais de porter une autre bannière. J’étais un eu peu surprise d’être donné une bannière avec le beau nom “Bellefontaine.” Un nom très élégant, à mon avis, et bien sür j’ai accepté. C’ëtait agréable d’apprendre que ce nom était le nom de famille donné a Evangéline par l’écrivain Longfellow quand il a écrit son epopee sur le déportation des Acadiens de leur patrie. Cette héroine est devenue l’inspiration pour cette belle légende des amoureux séparés par un cruel destin qui représente pour les Acadiens d’aujourd’hui tous ceux qui ont été séparé de leurs families, de leurs enfants, de tout ceux qu’ils tenaient chers et dispersés aux quatre vents par les fortunes de guerre. J’ai donc porte ce nom avec fierté.
Walking in their footsteps
This past June, Barbara and I completed a 12-day trip through the Maritime Provinces of Canada. We wanted to walk in the footsteps of our Hebert ancestors. We hoped to discover those areas where our forebears, Etienrie, Emmanuel, Jean Emmanuel. Benoni and Joseph Pépin H collectively or in turn chose to live during the happier times, where they had been forced to take refuge from the New Englanders, or where they languished as prisoners.
Wanting to imagine what faced our first Acadian ancestor after a two month voyage as he approached his new home August 1648 on the ship La Verve, we decided to take the ferry from St. John, New Brunswick to Digby, Nova Scotia, to enter the rocky portal of the Annapolis Basin (Bassin Dauphin). We made one stop in Annapolis Royal (Port Royal) knowing that the ship carrying our ancestor would have have disembarked its sea passengers at the port.
We knew from previous research the approximate location of Etienne Héberts grant of land. Using a map developed by Annapolis Ventures of the 1707 Acadian settlement along the Annapolis River, we were able to find that first ancestral farm. We knew that the son Emmanuel had inherited his father’s property. We followed Route 201 east from Annapolis Royal to Bloody Creek. The famous creek, named in part for the massacre of New England troops by a combined force of French and Indian troops and Acadian irregulars, marks the eastern boundary of the Hébert land. Four generations of our Louisiana ancestors lived on the farm, cleared the land, maintained the levee system, harvested the grain crops, and raised livestock.
We tried to follow most of our Heberts as they moved away from the English dominated Annapolis Basin. Etienne 1-lebert lived his life on that precious piece of property. His son Emmanuel stayed there to raise his family, leaving only after his wife died in 3729 to live in the Minas Basin along Habitants River (Rivére-des-Vieux-Habitants), Jean Emmanuel made an attempt to settle along the Mernramcook River in present day New Brunswick about 1703 but was forced by English attacks to return to the family farm to work with his father and brother Alexandre. Jean Emmanuel later moved to Habitants River and then to Windsor (Pisiquid). It was at the Minas Basin that he was forced to take the oath of allegiance to the English King in 1729.
We followed Highway 101 from Bridgetown along the Annapolis River towards the Minas Basin. We turned left on Route 358 heading north towards Cape Blomidin. We crossed Habitants River knowing that both Ernmanuai and Jean Emmanuel had lived here for a time. We continued further north to The Lookoff which gave a commanding view of nearly the whole basin, of the ancient 1evee and reclaimed salt water marshes, and the sinuous rivers along which the Acadians lived, worked, traveled and hunted. We returned to Highway 101 and continued east, to visit first the rediscovered Acadian cemetery ‘Sainte Famille” at Falmouth and then next to Windsor (Pisiquid) where Jean Emmanuel lived for a time with his family. Also at Windsor was the remains of Fort Edwards where in later years Jean Emmanuel’s son Benoni and his family languished as prisoners. The prisoner lists of July and August 1762 show Benoni, his wife and five of his children.
We bypassed Halifax this time since we had explored that city last year. Some of the Acadian had been shipped from Fort Edwards to Georges Island in the Halifax Harbour, still as prisoners. We don’t know if Benoni’s children were among them, but it was from Halifax that those children, who had been prisoners with him at Fort Edwards, set sail for Saint Domingue and New Orleans in 1765, to eventually settle in the Attakapas Post. Our ancestor, Joseph Pépin Hébert made that voyage under the leadership of Joseph “Beausoleil” Broussard..
Truro (Cobequid) is the next large town on our route. It is easily reached by continuing Highway 101 to Route 14 and then to Highway 102. Past Truro take Highway 104 to the Amherst - Fort Lawrence area.
The area was important to our Acadian ancestors who moved into the Chignectou Region because it was the central place for selling their surplus grain and livestock to support the French and Acadian colony of Prince Edward Island (Ile St. Jean). They were also able to trade the furs they collected along the rivers and marshlands It was in the former parish of Beaubassin that they were able to record births, deaths and marriages. Our direct ancestors, however, had moved passed the south shore of the Missagouash River to the territory on the north side claimed by the French and later defended by Fort Beauséjour. They moved further into the Three-Rivers (Trois-Rivières) area, the rivers of Shepody (Chipoudy), Petitcodiac (Peteoudiac) and Memrramcook (Memramkouke). Memramcook is reached by taking Highway 2 north and then east on Route 933.
Jean Emmanuel Hébert had never abandoned the thought of reclaiming the abandoned site along the Memramcook River. In 1734 he finally made the decision to leave his home in Pisiquid and move into French territory along the Memramcook kwer. Rather than settle on the site on the east bank that he had abandoned in 1704, he moved further north on the west bank with his son-in-law, Jean-Jacques Cyr. Citing his superior rights as an early founder of Memramcook, he chose a site that had been earlier worked by the Blanchard clan but not settled. Though contested by the Blanchards, Jean Emmanuel maintained his position. It was through the Blanchards that the Hebert-Cyr settlement came to be known as the “Buttes-a Pétard”. The former St. Joseph Institute stands on the land developed by the Heberts, a sign even today marks the famous “Buttes.”
Jean Emmanuel Hébert settled most of his family on high grounds on the east bank of the Memramcook River, north of Ruisseau Vaseux (Muddy Creek). He, some of his sons, and his sons-in-law reclaimed enough salt-water marsh for themselves, reserving some land for future generations. Jean Emmanuel died in 1748 but his family continued to develop the settlement. As tension mounted in Acadie, more of the relatives took refuge at Memramcook. By 1753 some 16 homes occupied the south flank of the two large hills, forming a populated semi-compound facing the Prée des Hébert.
Benoni Hebert in 1741 had married Jeanne Savoie, a daughter of Francois Savoie of the Village des Savoie along Shepody Bay, The marriage was blessed by the missionary de St. Poncy of the Parish of Beaubassin. He built his home on the southern flank of the second mound next to his brothers, Francois who later married Madeleine Savoie, the youngest sister of Jeanne, and Michel. Benoni had completed his family of seven children, 3 boys and 4 girls before hostilities began again in 1755.
In September 1755, an English ship enters the mouth of the Memramcook and prepares to destroy the settlements there. An ambush prevents the destruction of the Hebert Village, but the British return to complete the destruction in November. Benoni Hebert and his family take refuge along the upper Petitcodiac River between the Village des Beausoleil and the Mi’Kmaq encampments, under the protection of the Broussard brothers and their Indian troops. They enjoy some relative peace until November 1758 when the New Englanders attack and burn the village of the Broussard and others along the river. The Acadians, Benoni Hébert and his family among them, are forced to retreat north to Shediac, Cocagne, Bouctouche, Richibucto and Mirainichi. The coastal route would approximate the path taken by the fleeing Acadians.
Benoni Hébert and his family found refuge for a time under the protection of Captain Charles de Boishebert and his French, Acadian, and Indian troops at Camp d’Esperance on the present Beaubear’s Island in the Miramichi River. The census of 13 August 1761 records Benoni, his wife, three boys and three girls at Miramichi. The British troops attack and burn Miramichi and the Acadians under the leadership of Joseph Broussard face a difficult winter with dwindling food supplies. In 1762 the Acadians capitulate and are brought to various forts as prisoners. As we have seen Benoni and his family were at Fort Edwards. Some time after the 1763 Treaty of Paris the prisoners were conditionally released. In November 1764 the English would again require the oath of allegiance. Those who refused made preparations to leave. Joseph Pepin, his brother Jean-Charles, and three of their sisters, Theotiste, Francoise, and Louise, left under the guidance of the Broussard brothers, Joseph and Alexandre.