L 'Association des

     Hébert

        du Monde

La Gazette Hébert

 

Publication de L’Association des Hébert du Monde

Laura H. Gaspard, Editor
Russell Gaspard, Publisher
337-893-2381(Same for FAX)

 1113 Coulee Kinney Rd, Abbeville, LA  70510-2015 
E-mail:  laurus@acadian.net
Old Web Site:  www.heberts.org

Volume 2002 - Issue 1  

Abbeville, Louisiana            June, 2002 

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 Acadian Families Index

President’s  Corner
Woody Hébert

At the last Board meeting, the Board approved the “purchase” of one of the faces painted on the Acadian Memorial Mural in the St. Martinville Acadian Memorial Building.

This mural is painted by theArtist Robert Daford. It covers one wall of the first-floor room of the Memorial. The mural depicts Acadian families who arrived in Louisiana in the mid to late 1700’s. One of those faces will represent Joseph Hébert dit Pepin. The Hebert Family Association donated $2500 to the Acadian Memorial Foundation in order to have the Hébert Family represented on the Mural.

                  (See information below submitted to the Foundation on our behalf by Joe Hébert)

                                                         
Joseph Hébert dit Pépin

Joseph  Hébert dit Pépin, 1765, Attakapas. 
Arrived from Halifax at age 17 with Beausoleil Broussard. 
Listed in census of 25 April 1766 as householder
 at La Pointe and member of Attakapas Militia.

Biography of an Ancestor

The Hébert Family Association has sponsored Joseph Hébert dit Pépin as a mural figure.  Joseph Hébert dit Pépin was born 1747 in Beaubassin, Nova Scotia, as a British subject.  With the burning of Beaubassin in 1750, he moved with the extended family north of the Missagouash River into French territory.  The family settled along the Memramcook River, his father being part of the Canadian Militia under the leadership of Beausoleil Broussard and French Lieutenant Charles des Champs de Boishébert.  Under repeated British attack the group retreated to Miramichi as shown by the August 1761 census.  Recognizing the futility of continued fighting, Beausoleil surrendered his forces November 1761.  Joseph Hébert dit Pépin along with the Hébert and Broussard families, was a prisoner at Fort Edwards, Windson, Nova Scotia in 1762-1763.  He arrived in Louisiana in 1765 on the ship chartered by Beausoleil.  He was listed in the census of 25 April 1766 as a householder at La Pointe and member of the Attakapas Militia.  He lived as a British, French and Spanish subject before he became an American in 1803.

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The Héberts, Cajuns and Louisiana
by Joseph P. Hebert, Jr. Ph.D.

Why Louisiana?

Why were the Acadians so intent on going to a colony controlled by the Spanish? In truth Louisiana, at the time of the arrival of the majority of the refugees from Acadia (Acadie), was a largely French spelling Spanish colony and still under French administration, but when they left Acadia on their ten to thirty year journey Louisiana belonged to the French. It was a natural magnet for displaced Acadians. To understand why, it is necessary to delve a little into the history of the territory called Louisiana. In large measure the concerns and conflicts in the territory of Louisiana paral­leled the happenings in Acadia that created problems for the Acadians and the Héberts.

The French had had...(some great history of forming of Louisiana is omitted, must sell the book for the Association, so I am leaving some good stuff out).

Drained of resources by constant wars, the French ruler decided to turn over Louisiana to a private company for development. In September, 1712 the king granted Antoine Crozat exclusive rights to trade in Louisiana for 15 years. Louis XIV had in effect mortgaged Louisiana to Crozat in return for financial assistance during the recent hostilities. He became a proprietor instead of an on-the-spot adminis­trator. The royal charter that established Crozat’s monopoly permitted him to confiscate all goods traded in Louisiana without his permission and the customs of Paris were the law of the land. This, in effect, began the French civil law tradition in Louisiana. The Customs of Paris, one of the most heralded set of laws of feudal France, regulated a number of institutions that survived in the French Civil Code and subsequent Louisiana Civil Code.

Crozat was given jurisdiction over territory between New Mexico and the Carolinas and from the Gulf of Mexico to the Great Lakes. That was the extent that France considered to be the Territory of Louisiana. Crozat has one main obligation, to send two ships a year to Louisiana with 25 men or women of his choice. Crozat soon realized that few Frenchmen could be voluntarily enticed to leave the safety of their homeland for the unknown of Louisiana. The French government was considering the idea of forced emigration, especially that of criminals. If this policy were to be considered, Crozat wanted to ensure that only certain types of criminals were considered. He proposed that dealers in contraband . . .(that scoundrel)

Bienville, who had become governor-general of Louisiana in February 1718, also had ideas for developing the colony.......

Crozat, realizing little hopes for profit from his venture, remitted the charter to the crown in August 1717.

The regent, Philippe II, ...(here comes John Law). Hoping to settle the colony and profit from it, Law organized the “Compagnie de Ia Louisiane ou Occident.” He envisioned the development of Louisiana as a national effort, so he tried to gain as many shareholders as possible for the company’s stock. Everyone in France... Missionaries arrived with groups of settlers to establish churches... French Huguenots were not...

Life in the southern portion of colonial Louisiana was harsh and short. . . .The practice of medicine was so primitive that... He is credited with introducing the first cattle, ......exporting the first ... silk.

The skirmishes introduced the larger scale hostilities......

Since Spain was not prepared for immediate occupation, the French...

Relocation from Alabama

The transfer of that part of Louisiana east of the Mississippi to England gave rise to the relocation of French citizens,...

Anticipating the settlers’ reaction, the French government had already developed a plan for evacuating the Alabama posts and relocating the French population. Upon their arrival at the chosen destination,...


     Once in Mobile, the French soldiers and settlers had to face the critical...

Routes to Louisiana

Some of the reported routes to Louisiana may be the stuff of folklore and family legend, but the possibility does exist.  No one was deported directly from Nova Scotia to Louisiana... We do know that some of the Acadians departed their homeland before the expulsion, but there is doubt that few (if any) were able to make their way to the Louisiana territory shortly after the expulsion began.

Robert A. Leblanc, a geography professor at the University of New Hampshire, graphically shows Acadians —from Maryland, South Carolina and Georgia making the journey to New Orleans in 1758 or 1759. ... Carl Brasseux... He also points out that in the voluminous writings on Acadian immigration, no record of an overland trip has been found.
            (Other topics covered in Dr. Hebert’s book) From Virginia to Belle-lle-en-Mer (France):

                            The Acadians of St. Malo (France)

                            From Nantes (France) to Louisiana

                              The Santo Domingo Connection

                            The Acadians in Louisiana

                              We Are Now Americans

The Americanization Process

The Seven Ships

                                 The seven ships leaving France in 1785 ...to settle. (LA)]

                        Six Generations of Heberts

                         (Descendants of Antoine)

                         (Descendants of Etienne)

              ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

         This is a must book for any descendant of Antoine & Etienne Hebert.
                                           Your publisher. Russell (See how
to order below)

The Héberts, Cajuns and Louisiana
by Dr. Joseph P. Hébert, Jr.

Special Book Sale

(to benefit the Hébert Family Association)

Our Usual price: $30 (US) + Postage
Our Special Sale Price
$28 (US)
Includes the book .~ $30 value
free postage - a $3.80 value
one year Membership - an $8 value

Make Checks in amount of $28 payable to:

                                       Hebert Family Association

Mail to: 10134 Hwy 82, Abbeville, LA 70510
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Farewell

I bid you farewell as the publisher of La Gazette Hébert.  No I’m not leaving the Hebert Family Association—just need a break. Unfortunately I’m taking my Editor along with me—we are a pair. Is there anyone out there who would be interested in publishing our newsletter? If so please write President Woody Hebert at 5001 Moss St., Lafayette, LA 70507.  Sorry no pay—but a heck of a lot of gratitude from the rest of us.

Laura and I have enjoyed doing the newsletter very much.  We thank you for your support.

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